Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) findings in Serpiginous Choroiditis [post]

Sergio Macedo, Dominika Pohlmann, Matthias Lenglinger, Uwe Pleyer, Antonia M. Joussen, Sibylle Winterhalter
2020 unpublished
Background. To describe changes in the retina/choroid in patients with Serpiginous Choroiditis (SC) by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) in a multimodal imaging approach.Methods. Prospective, monocentric study of 24 eyes of 12 consenting patients diagnosed with SC, who underwent OCTA, which was analyzed and compared to other methods such as enhanced depth imaging-OCT, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and fundus autofluorescence. Results. The study group
more » ... he study group consisted of 9 patients with peripapillary SC, 1 macular SC, and 2 atypical cases. All eyes presented an inactive SC confirmed by standard imaging. OCTA demonstrated the lesions tridimensionally in great detail. There was no difference in the angioarchitecture among the 3 forms of SC. A loss of the choriocapillaris/retinal pigment epithelium left a "window-defect", where the vessels of larger caliber of the choroid became recognizable and their appearance inverted ("white-on-black"). A relationship between the presence of segmentation errors (SE) in the slabs and low visual acuity was established with a one-way ANOVA.Conclusions. OCTA was able to non-invasively assess vascular lesions of the choroid/retina in patients with SC with a high degree of correlation to other diagnostic modalities. Consequent long-term assessments could lead to a better understanding of disease progression.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.23533/v2 fatcat:op6padtfojcsdae3tuigk655xq