Polymerization of Cyclic Esters of Phosphoric Acid
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Highmolecularweightpolyesters ofphosphoricacid,have beenprepared withasequenceof atoms in themain chain similar to that in naturally occuring polymers, teichoic acid or nucleic acids. Although the live and six-membered cyclic esters of phosphoric acid polymerize readily, such as with anionic or cationic initiation, the polymerization degrees are low because of an extensive chain transfer to monomer which competes successfully with chain propagation. Polymerization of the six-membered esters is
... membered esters is highly reversible. The corresponding thermodynamic equilibrium parameters have been determined for several monomers ( dift'ering in structure of the exocyclic group) and the linear isoequilibrium dependence (tl.H., as a function of tl.~.) has been found. Foramodel monomer, 2-methyl-2-oxo.1,3,2dioxaphosphorinane) the kinetics of anionic and cationic polymerization is described and the corresponding activation parameters are discussed. Structure of the polymer chain has been determined by 'H, 31 P and 13 C-NMR and it is shown subsequently that cyclic end-groups are present, formed in the chain transfer reaction. In order to avoid the chain transfer, involving the exocyclic ester group, 2-hydro-2-oxo-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinane was used as a monomer. High molecular weight polymers have been prepared and subsequently o:xidized the corresponding acidic polyesters. The live-rnernbered 2-alkyl-2-oxo-1,3,2-dioxaphospholanes have been polymerized with organometallic initiators. The use of these initiators eliminates the chain transfer and Ieads to the high-molecular weight polymers (Mn > 10"). The conversion of the neutral polyesters into the acidic polyesters is described.