LIFECOURSE VIOLENCE AND ADVERSE HEALTH OUTCOMES IN OLD AGE

2015 The gerontologist  
employing the cumulative disadvantage theory (CDA). Analyses included 3747 participants from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS; Mean baseline age = 76.9) with 2 year change data for walking speed, peak expiratory flow, and grip strength. SES indicators included education (30, black (OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.26-1.83) and Hispanic (1.68, 1.32-2.14) older adults had greater odds of frailty, compared to white older adults. Adjustment by obesity mattered little. Within income strata, odds
more » ... f frailty relative to Whites differed for Hispanics only in the lowest income stratum, whereas for Blacks, in all strata but the second. Race associations with frailty appeared largely driven by slowness and weight loss for Blacks and slowness and weakness for Hispanics. Objective: To examine the associations between lifecourse adversity and physical performance in old age in diverse societies. Methods: Data from the baseline survey of IMIAS were used to estimate associations of low physical performance (Short Physical Performance Battery SPPB < 8) with childhood economic adversity (childhood hunger, poverty or parental
doi:10.1093/geront/gnv312.01 fatcat:e76q67ontjd45gqelxeihimbyu