A atividade profética na apocalíptica judaica no período do segundo templo e a sua contribuição para a Grande Revolta Judaica entre os anos 66 e 73 E.C
Agradecimentos A Deus, objeto de eterno louvor, gratidão e amor. Ao Professor Doutor Reginaldo Gomes de Araújo, referencial de vida acadêmica, por ter sido grande incentivador e ter prestado orientação com muita competência e comprometimento. Ao Professor Doutor Gabriel Steinberg Schvartzman, por ter aceitado gentilmente o convite para esta banca examinadora, sempre nos movendo ao rigor acadêmico, grande modelo de conhecimento, portador de percepções louváveis, sincero, espelho nos estudos
... cos. Ao Professor Doutor Moacir Aparecido Amâncio, por ter aceitado compor a banca examinadora e ter influenciado positivamente os nossos estudos; sempre a favor do rigor e zelo acadêmicos; expressamos gratidão pelas valiosas observações e correções. Ao Professor Doutor Paulo Rodrigues Romeiro, o professor que nos despertou o desejo pelo estudo universitário, homem honrado e destacado docente. Palavras-chave: Apocalíptica -Período do Segundo Templo -Guerra Judaica -Apocalipticismo 7 ABSTRACT The central object of this research consists of evaluate the influence exerted by religion in the context of Jewish society of second temple period (516 BCE -70 CE), more particularly assessing if the revolutionary impetus which promoted the first Great Jewish War against the Roman dominion depended of a characteristic prophetism, that is, the apocalyptic. The connection that apocaliptycism had with first century setting was due to the various social and political crises that imposed a dynamic ritm to national structures, inasmuch as concurrently with the changes which emerged occurred a certain traumatic adequacy of new elements related to religious phenomenon, whose forms of expression intended to rescue ancient postulates, values, and promises of Moses Law and classical prophets, making it valid for contemporary situations. Thereby, the captivities and Diasporas suffered during many periods started to favor the ideological exchange which made up the traits and aspects that composed the apocalyptic movements, what demonstrated a dependency level by which Jewish religious movements mirrored in neighboring cultures, through a paradoxal dialogue that blended cultural resistance and language assimilation. The results furnished in this dissertation allow one to state that the hypothesis which attributed to the religious fanaticism all responsibility for collective actions -of a so called "primitive" society -is impaired in its validity, for such a conclusion must be considered reductionist because it does not realize the intricacy which historically accompanied the entire establishment of Jewish society of that period. Therefore, it is suggested the adoption of more critic approaches capable to place themselves in the same difficulty level required by the object, from an attitude that integrates the social indicators with the religious factor. Thus, is based on this encompassing perspective that Jewish apocalyptic was studied in this essay, as a factor potentially relevant inside the insurrectionist state of first century Palestine.