Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Dehydration as a Women Entrepreneurship Alternative in Vulnerable Communities

Natalia Andrea Salazar-Camacho, Luz Adriana Sanchez-Echeverri, Francisco Javier Fonseca, Víctor Falguera, Daniel Castro-Bocanegra, Nelson Javier Tovar-Perilla
2022 Sustainability  
In Colombia, most commercial drying processes are frequently performed through the burning of wood and fossil fuels with high costs and environmental damage. Nevertheless, solar drying is a technique that could also be used to reduce many of the problems present in traditional drying techniques. Finding low-cost technology to install a solar dryer in a vulnerable community of women is an appropriate alternative; the transfer of knowledge on this technique could lead to greater empowerment of
more » ... en and prevent gender inequality. This study evaluated the color and water activity of the mango (Mangifera indica L.) after a drying process in a greenhouse dryer. Furthermore, this study showed the relevance of implementing this technique in a community of women affected by the military conflict in Colombia. Results showed that a solar dryer achieved drying times of around 23–26 h, reaching water activity values below the 0.5 threshold which, according to international standards, has been considered as a food safety value. In addition, the color of the dry mango is slightly affected through this drying technique, providing a more acceptable consumer product. The application of the solar dryer has proven to be an easy-to-use and environmentally friendly method. On the other hand, it is also an opportunity to improve, with a low-cost investment, the living conditions of vulnerable communities.
doi:10.3390/su14031548 fatcat:qise5nxberew7djwijgwwaczfa