Stellar Archaeology: Using Metal-Poor Stars to Test Theories of the Early Universe

Anna Frebel, Jarrett L. Johnson, Volker Bromm
2008 Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union  
AbstractConstraints on the chemical yields of the first stars and supernova can be derived by examining the abundance patterns of different types of metal-poor stars. We show how metal-poor stars are employed to derive constraints of the formation of the first low-mass stars by testing a fine-structure line cooling theory. The concept of stellar archaeology, that stellar abundances truly reflect the chemical composition of the earliest times, is then addressed. The accretion history of a sample
more » ... of metal-poor stars is examined in detail in a cosmological context, and found to have no impact on the observed abundances. Predictions are made for the lowest possible Fe and Mg abundances observable in the Galaxy, [Fe/H]min= −7.5 and [Mg/H]min= −5.5. The absence of stars below these values is so far consistent with a top-heavy IMF. These predictions are directly relevant for future surveys and the next generation of telescopes.
doi:10.1017/s1743921308025039 fatcat:m6tdj3ez5ngjvakrulus3sgub4