Immunotherapeutic Peptide Vaccine Approaches to Glioma

Feng Lin, CureScience, San Diego, CA 92121, United States, Misa Anekoji, Thomas E Ichim, CureScience, San Diego, CA 92121, United States, John Wayne Cancer Institute and Pacific Neuroscience Institute at Providence Saint John's Health Center, Santa Monica, CA 90404, United States
2021 Journal of Cancer Research Reviews & Reports  
Heretofore, there are no FDA-approved immunotherapeutics for malignant gliomas despite many novel therapies currently in different stages of clinical trials. Malignant gliomas are immunosuppressive tumors and are difficult for immune effector cells to infiltrate the tumor sites in the central nervous system. This inefficiency results in median survival of about only two years with a few long-term survivors. Recent clinical trials of vaccine-based immunotherapies against malignant gliomas have
more » ... monstrated encouraging results in enhancing progression-free survival and overall survival of patients. The vaccine-based treatments include peptide and heat-shock proteins, dendritic cell-based vaccines, as well as viral-based immunotherapy. In this review, we will focus on recent clinical trials of neoantigen peptide vaccines on gliomas, the delivery routes of such peptide vaccines, their adjuvants, clinical challenges, and its future strategies, respectively.
doi:10.47363/jcrr/2021(3)151 fatcat:a6idkiontva6lb4vd6p4xi2dxy