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U.S. healthcare and psychiatry in particular, lack trained professional workforce, physical infrastructure, and financial support via insurance coverage needed to adequately support addiction treatment. Concepts of 'pseudoaddiction' and 'self-medication', influential among physicians who treat pain and/or mental illness, frame drug use as being therapeutically beneficial, which is different from, and even opposite to, how drug use is understood in the disease model of addiction. Over-emphasisdoi:10.15436/2471-061x-16-028 fatcat:c6ub7vln6vadhe4iucqfkl3sqi