The Perfectly Matched Layer absorbing boundary for fluid–structure interactions using the Immersed Finite Element Method

Jubiao Yang, Feimi Yu, Michael Krane, Lucy T. Zhang
2018 Journal of Fluids and Structures  
In this work, a non-reflective boundary condition, the Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) technique, is adapted and implemented in a fluid-structure interaction numerical framework to demonstrate that proper boundary conditions are not only necessary to capture correct wave propagations in a flow field, but also its interacted solid behavior and responses. While most research on the topics of the non-reflective boundary conditions are focused on fluids, little effort has been done in a
more » ... e interaction setting. In this study, the effectiveness of the PML is closely examined in both pure fluid and fluid-structure interaction settings upon incorporating the PML algorithm in a fully-coupled fluid-structure interaction framework, the Immersed Finite Element Method. The performance of the PML boundary condition is evaluated and compared to reference solutions with a variety of benchmark test cases including known and expected solutions of aeroacoustic wave propagation as well as vortex shedding and advection. The application of the PML in numerical simulations of fluid-structure interaction is then investigated to demonstrate the efficacy and necessity of such boundary treatment in order to capture the correct solid deformation and flow field without the requirement of a significantly large computational domain.
doi:10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2017.09.002 pmid:29151673 pmcid:PMC5688520 fatcat:mga63govwvhsbeenjxnrv4ip5y