Relationship between Fatty Liver Disease and Intracranial Main Artery Stenosis

Yohei Asakawa, Hidehiro Takekawa, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuko Ishii, Masami Ohrui, Koichi Hirata
2014 Internal medicine (Tokyo. 1992)  
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fatty liver disease (FLD) and cerebrovascular disease. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of 76 consecutive healthy subjects who participated in a two-day hospitalized health checkup program. The maximal intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and bifurcation of the carotid artery as well as the plaque score (PS) were evaluated on carotid artery ultrasonography. Fluid attenuated inversion
more » ... ed inversion recovery brain MRI was used to determine the presence of asymptomatic cerebral lesions and periventricular hyperintensity. Brain MR angiography was used to evaluate the degree of intracranial main artery stenosis (ICAS). FLD was diagnosed based on the ultrasonographic pattern. Results The PS and IMT did not differ between the FLD (n=24) and non-FLD (n=52) groups. There was a tendency toward a higher percentage of multiple lacunar lesions in the non-FLD group than in the FLD group. ICAS was significantly more frequent in subjects in the FLD group than those in the non-FLD group (25.0% vs. 5.8%). A logistic regression analysis revealed that age and FLD were significant determinants of ICAS. Conclusion Our study findings suggest a significant association between ICAS and FLD.
doi:10.2169/internalmedicine.53.2067 pmid:24930643 fatcat:yxls6eyu4vailekmjjnl5fsp4y