Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Jute Spun Yarn/PLA Composite

2009 Journal of the Japan Society for Composite Materials  
Continuous natural fi ber reinforced thermoplastic composites have superior mechanical property and have often been used as structural material.However,during the composite fabrication process, it is difficult to impregnate the thermoplastic resin into the reinforcement fi bers because of the high melt viscosity. In our previous studies, an intermediate material was produced to promote resin impregnation during molding.Continuous fi ber reinforced thermoplastic composites can be obtained by
more » ... ning the intermediate materials made from resin fi bers wrapped around reinforcing natural fi bers through the braiding technique.This intermediate material is called the" M icro-braided-yarn." In this investigation, 100% naturally-derived micro-braided-yarns were fabricated by using poly-(lactic acid)( PLA)as the resin fi ber and jute spun yarn as the reinforcement. Composite plates were fabricated by hot press molding under various molding conditions.Observation of the impregnation state and evaluation of mechanical properties were performed.The relationship between the fabrication conditions and the mechanical properties of jute spun yarn/PLA composite was clarifi ed. The composite strength was aff ected by the resin impregnation into the fi ber bundle, extent of thermal deterioration of jute fi bers,and dispersion of jute fi bers.These properties can be optimized by adjusting the molding condition accordingly.For example,at a molding pressure of 1.33 MPa,the tensile strength achievement ratio of more than 85% can be attained if the molding temperature was kept between 190-195°C, while molding time should be maintained between 5-8 min.
doi:10.6089/jscm.35.49 fatcat:ufeac6ckzzhxvme4jm4sjeshty