Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma with high choline/creatine ratio on proton MR spectroscopy

Arnolfo de Carvalho Neto, Emerson L. Gasparetto, Isac Bruck
2006 Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria  
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) in a patient with tuberous sclerosis, emphasizing the proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) findings. CASE: A three year-old boy with tuberous sclerosis presented with a 3-month history of mild headache. The physical examination showed discrete mental retardation and multiple hypomelanic macules in the legs and back. MRI showed many cortical tubers and subependymal nodules. At the left foramen of Monro, there was a 15 mm nodule,
more » ... s a 15 mm nodule, with heterogeneous signal on T1 and T2-weighted images, and strong enhancement after contrast administration. MRS study (multi-voxel PRESS, TE=144ms) showed the following ratios: a) left foramen of Monro nodule N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/creatine (Cr)=0.93 and Choline (Cho)/Cr=1.6 and b) at the right Monro foramen NAA/Cr=1.56 and Cho/Cr=1.29. CONCLUSION: The MRS performed at the SEGA may show high Cho/Cr and low NAA/Cr ratios, similar to the other brain neoplasms. As a consequence, MRS may be a valuable tool for the early detection of neoplastic transformation of subependymal nodules near the foramina of Monro in patients with tuberous sclerosis.
doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2006000500033 pmid:17057903 fatcat:txnhjdnxqjfrdpx5r7ult3ogsi