Implementing multidestination worms in switch-based parallel systems: architectural alternatives and their impact

R. Sivaram, C.B. Stunkel, D.K. Panda
2000 IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems  
Multidestination message passing has been proposed as an attmctive mechanism for efficiently implementing multicast and other collective operations on direct networks. However, applying this mechanism to switch-based parallel systems is non-trivial. In this paper we propose alternative switch architectures with differing buffer organizations to implement multidestination worms on switch-based parallel systems. First, we discuss issues related to such implementation (deadlock-freedom,
more » ... mechanisms, header encoding, and routing). Next, we demonstrate how an existing central-buffer-based switch architecture supporting unicast message passing can be enhanced to accommodate multidestination message passing. Similarly, implementing multidestination worms on an input-buffer-based switch architecture is discussed. Both of these implementations are evaluated against each other as we11 as against a software-based scheme using the central buffer organization. Simulation experiments under a range of traffic (multiple multicast, bimodal, varying degree of multicast, and message length) and system size are used for evaluation. The study demonstrates the superiority of the central-buffer-based switch architecture. It also indicates that under bimodal traffic the central-buffer-based hardware multicast implementation affects background unicast traffic less adversely compared to a software-based multicast implementation. Thus, multidestination message passing can easily be applied to switch-based parallel systems to deliver good collective communication performance.
doi:10.1109/71.877938 fatcat:fsmeiyijabbo3hb2ie4alauqtq