A Numerical Study on the Characteristics of Air–Fuel Mixing Using a Fluidic Oscillator in Supersonic Flow Fields

Eun Cheol Lee, Seung-Won Cha, Hee-Soo Kwon, Tae-Seong Roh, Hyoung Jin Lee
2019 Energies  
In this study, numerical simulations were conducted to confirm the possibility of improved mixing performance by using a fluidic oscillator as a fuel injector. Three-dimensional URANS non-reacting simulations were conducted to examine air–fuel mixing in a supersonic flow field of Mach 3.38. The numerical methods were validated through simulations of the oscillating flow generated from the fluidic oscillator. The results show that the mass flow rate and momentum are reduced at the outlet because
more » ... the total pressure loss increases inside the fluidic oscillator, which means that higher pressure needs to be applied to supply the same mass flow rate. The simulation showed that the flow structure varies over time as the injected flow is swept laterally. With lateral injection, the fuel distribution is long and narrow, and asymmetric vortexes are generated. However, with central injection, the fuel distribution is relatively similar to the case of using a simple injector. Compared to the simple injector, the penetration length, flammable area, and mixing efficiency were improved. However, the total pressure loss in the flow field increases as well. The results showed that the supersonic fluidic oscillator could be fully utilized as a means to enhance the mixing effect, however a method to reduce the total pressure loss is necessary for practical application.
doi:10.3390/en12244758 fatcat:ihjpyg3bszhh5f556akpneukiu