Proofing Direct-Seeded Rice with Better Root Plasticity and Architecture

Siddharth Panda, Prasanta Kumar Majhi, Annamalai Anandan, Anumalla Mahender, Sumanth Veludandi, Debendranath Bastia, Suresh Babu Guttala, Shravan Kumar Singh, Sanjoy Saha, Jauhar Ali
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
The underground reserve (root) has been an uncharted research territory with its untapped genetic variation yet to be exploited. Identifying ideal traits and breeding new rice varieties with efficient root system architecture (RSA) has great potential to increase resource-use efficiency and grain yield, especially under direct-seeded rice, by adapting to aerobic soil conditions. In this review, we tried to mine the available research information on the direct-seeded rice (DSR) root system to
more » ... hlight the requirements of different root traits such as root architecture, length, number, density, thickness, diameter, and angle that play a pivotal role in determining the uptake of nutrients and moisture at different stages of plant growth. RSA also faces several stresses, due to excess or deficiency of moisture and nutrients, low or high temperature, or saline conditions. To counteract these hindrances, adaptation in response to stress becomes essential. Candidate genes such as early root growth enhancer PSTOL1, surface rooting QTL qSOR1, deep rooting gene DRO1, and numerous transporters for their respective nutrients and stress-responsive factors have been identified and validated under different circumstances. Identifying the desired QTLs and transporters underlying these traits and then designing an ideal root architecture can help in developing a suitable DSR cultivar and aid in further advancement in this direction.
doi:10.3390/ijms22116058 fatcat:pipgu2kfbzbwranthtdjom7q54