High-intensity focused ultrasound for thyroid nodule ablation: the evidence to date

Roussanka D Kovatcheva, Katja Zaletel
2017 Reports in Medical Imaging  
Thyroid nodules are common in occurrence and most of them are benign in nature. Some of these nodules are to be treated as they continue to grow or cause undesirable symptoms. Recently, several minimally invasive thermal ablation techniques have been introduced to overcome the complications of traditional methods such as surgery. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is the latest advance in treatment modalities, which is a noninvasive procedure that permits localized target destruction
more » ... ut affecting the surrounding tissues. HIFU is currently used in the treatment of various solid malignant and benign tumors. The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to the literature, principles, and advances of HIFU therapy of benign thyroid nodules, as well as to provide a discussion on its efficacy, complications, and future.
doi:10.2147/rmi.s81795 fatcat:w45ddwkiyrbe7nrcu4xrq7tabm