A Clinical Study of Anterior Uveitis in a Rural Hospital
IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences
Uveitis is a complex intraocular inflammatory disease that results from several aetiological entities. Anterior uveitis is the most common form of uveitis and is commonly seen in young adults. This study was undertaken to evaluate the modes of presentation, aetiology and complications of anterior uveitis among the rural population. Methods: a prospective clinical study was conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagara. All patients aged
... . All patients aged between 20-80 years who presented with anterior uveitis were studied. A comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation followed by relevant laboratory investigations were done to determine the aetiology. Patients were put on nonspecific and appropriate specific treatment and followed up. Response to treatment and any complications developing during the course were noted. Results: Anterior uveitis occurred most commonly in the 30-40 years age group(35%). Majority of the cases had nongranulomatous inflammation(95%) and aetiology remained unknown in 40% of the cases. Most common cause was blunt trauma(20%) followed by phacolytic uveitis (15% ). Most cases responded favourably to medical management. Conclusions: In a majority of the cases, the aetiology of anterior uveitis remains undetermined. A tailored battery of investigations based on age, history and clinical findings are needed to facilitate a final diagnosis. Prompt and early treatment ensures good visual outcome. Regular follow up is needed for early detection of ocular and systemic complications that may occur secondary to the cause of uveitis or its treatment.