Inhalation Pharmacokinetics of Isoprene in Rats and Mice

Hans Peter, Hans-Jurgen Wiegand, Johannes G. Filser, Hermann M. Bolt, Reinhold J. Laib
1990 Environmental Health Perspectives  
Studies on inhalation pharmacokinetics of isoprene were conducted in rats (Wistar) and mice (B6C3FN) to investigate possible species differences in metabolism of this compound. Pharmacokinetic analysis of isoprene inhaled by rats and mice revealed saturation kinetics of isoprene metabolism in both species. For rats and mice, linear pharmacokinetics apply at exposure concentrations below 300 ppm isoprene. Saturation of isoprene metabolism is practically complete at atmospheric concentrations of
more » ... concentrations of about 1000 ppm in rats and about 2000 ppm in mice. In the lower concentration range where first-order metabolism applies, metabolic clearance (related to the concentration in the atmosphere) of inhaled isoprene per kilogram body weight was 6200 mL/hr for rats and 12,000 mL/hr for mice. The estimated maximal metabolic elimination rates were 130 ,umole/hrfkg for rats and 400 pmole/hr/kg for mice. This shows that the rate of isoprene metabolism in mice is about two or three times that in rats. When the untreated animals are kept in a closed all-glass exposure system, the exhalation of isoprene into the system can be measured. This shows that the isoprene endogenously produced by the animals is systemically available within the animal organism. From such experiments the endogenous production rate of isoprene was calculated to be 1.9 ,umole/hr/kg for rats and 0.4 ,mole/hr/kg for mice. Our data indicate that the endogenous production of isoprene should be accounted for when discussing a possible carcinogenic or mutagenic risk of this compound.
doi:10.2307/3430938 fatcat:u35wlcdcfvexpmzr5ouotsu4k4