Photosynthetic Response Mechanism of Soil Salinity-Induced Cross-Tolerance to Subsequent Drought Stress in Tomato Plants

Xiaolong Yang, Yangyang Li, Hangbing Chen, Juan Huang, Yumeng Zhang, Mingfang Qi, Yufeng Liu, Tianlai Li
2020 Plants  
Soil salinization and water shortage cause ion imbalance and hyperosmoticity in plant cells, adversely impairing photosynthesis efficiency. How soil salinity-induced photosynthetic acclimation influences the cross-tolerance to drought conditions represents a promising research topic. This study was to reveal the photosynthetic mechanism of soil salinity-induced resistance to the subsequent drought stress in tomato leaves through comprehensive photosynthesis-related spectroscopy analysis. We
more » ... ucted soil salinity pretreatment and subsequent drought stress experiments, including irrigation with 100 mL water, 100 mL 100 mM NaCl solution (NaCl100), 50 mL water, and 50 mL 100 mM NaCl solution (NaCl50) for five days, followed by five-day drought stress. The results showed that soil salinity treatment by NaCl decreased the rate of photosynthetic gas exchange but enhanced CO2 assimilation, along with photosystem II [PS(II)] and photosystem I [PS(I)] activity and photochemical efficiency in tomato plants compared with water pretreatment after subsequent drought stress. NaCl100 and NaCl50 had the capacity to maintain non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of chlorophyll fluorescence and the cyclic electron (CEF) flow around PSI in tomato leaves after being subjected to subsequent drought stress, thus avoiding the decrease of photosynthetic efficiency under drought conditions. NaCl100 and NaCl50 pretreatment induced a higher proton motive force (pmf) and also alleviated the damage to the thylakoid membrane and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase of tomato leaves caused by subsequent drought stress. Overall, soil salinity treatment could enhance drought resistance in tomato plants by inducing NPQ, maintaining CEF and pmf that tradeoff between photoprotection and photochemistry reactions. This study also provides a photosynthetic perspective for salt and drought cross-tolerance.
doi:10.3390/plants9030363 pmid:32187994 fatcat:qglwl7knrrhnzekcgznm65gnra