Outbreak of wound botulism in people who inject drugs, Norway, October to November 2013

E MacDonald, T M Arnesen, A B Brantsaeter, P Gerlyng, M Grepp, B Å Hansen, K Jonsrud, B Lundgren, H Mellegård, J Møller-Stray, K Rønning, D F Vestrheim (+1 others)
2013 Eurosurveillance  
In October and November 2013, four cases of wound botulism were confirmed in people who inject drugs (PWID) in Norway. Two additional cases are suspected. Because of the international distribution pathways for heroin – the likely source of the outbreak – healthcare workers and public health authorities in other countries should remain vigilant for wound botulism in PWID. This outbreak serves as a reminder that countries should ensure access to botulinum antitoxin in case of outbreak situations.
pmid:24229788 fatcat:6qnywmrvmfa57igmgzz57wbusq