Comparison of endostatin combined with PT-DC versus bevacizumab combined with PT-DC in the first-line treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma: a retrospective propensity score- matched cohort study

Xiaoling Chen, Jun Nie, Ling Dai, Weiheng Hu, Jie Zhang, Jindi Han, Xiangjuan Ma, Guangming Tian, Sen Han, Di Wu, Yang Wang, Jieran Long (+2 others)
2021 Annals of Palliative Medicine  
Endostatin and bevacizumab have been approved for the first-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in China; however, the clinical outcomes for each drug combined with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (PT-DC) have not yet been directly compared. This study sought to assess the clinical outcomes of the 2 drugs combined with PT-DC in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: This retrospective cohort study examined the
more » ... cal data of patients with metastatic or recurrent lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) treated with endostatin or bevacizumab combined with PT-DC as the first-line treatment from October 2010 to November 2019. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed using a 1:1 ratio nearest neighbor algorithm. The effectiveness and safety outcomes for the 2 groups were evaluated. Results: A total of 202 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these, the endostatin group comprised 124 patients and the bevacizumab group comprised 78 patients; 67 pairs of patients were identified after PSM. The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with PT-DC + endostatin and PT-DC + bevacizumab were compared [(PFS: before PSM 4.8 vs. 6.5 months, P=0.741; after PSM 6.5 vs. 6.1 months, P=0.402), (OS: before PSM 21.1 vs. 39.3 months, P=0.912; after PSM 23.6 vs. 39.3 months, P=0.579)]. The objective response rates (ORRs) and disease control rates (DCRs) of the 2 groups were comparable (37.7% vs. 50.7%, P=0.094; 89.6% vs. 92.5%, P=0.545). Adverse events (AEs) ≥ grade 3 were not observed in the PT-DC + endostatin group. Three (3.8%) cases of AEs ≥ grade 3 were observed the PT-DC + bevacizumab group, comprising hypertension (n=1), proteinuria (n=1), hemoptysis (n=1). Conclusions: This retrospective analysis showed that in first-line treatments, PT-DC + endostatin and PT-DC + bevacizumab appear to produce similar anti-tumor activities in patients with metastatic or recurrent lung adenocarcinoma. PT-DC + bevacizumab tended to result in worse adverse reactions than PT-DC + endostatin.
doi:10.21037/apm-21-1401 fatcat:ln6zslliszcgnifiqvjvu7nhai