Stanley Milgram's Experiments and the Saving of the Possibility of Disobedience

Amihud Gilead
2016 Journal of Social Sciences (New York, N.Y.)  
Milgram's experiments have exposed the bitter truth that, against their moral standards, the great majority of subjects actually obey malevolent authorities and are ready to cause great suffering, even death, to innocent victims. The reason for such unexpected and shocking behavior can be perfectly explained in the light of panenmentalist philosophy, according to which individual pure possibilities and their relations are as real as actualities and, normally, persons are free to choose between
more » ... lternative pure possibilities in whatsoever circumstances. Whenever persons ignore the singular individuality of other people, such persons can cause most evil, entirely immoral deeds, to the others simply because impersonal authorities order them to do so. Hence, panenmentalism reveals the philosophical conditions upon which obedience or defiance to malevolent authority is possible.
doi:10.3844/jssp.2016.88.98 fatcat:habf6k2xqzhohg36klirup7fz4