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Gallbladder cancer-associated fibroblasts promote vasculogenic mimicry formation and tumor growth of gallbladder cancers via upregulating the expression of NOX4, a poor prognosis factor, through activating IL-6-JAK-STAT3 signal pathway
Background Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) play important roles in the occurrence and development of tumors. However, the relationship between CAFs and VM formation, especially in gallbladder cancer (GBC) has not been clarified. In this study, we investigated whether gallbladder CAFs (GCAFs) can promote VM formation and tumor growth and explored the underlying molecular mechanism.Methods A co-culture system of human GBC cells and fibroblasts or HUVECs wasdoi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-64358/v1 fatcat:6vea346twfc7fj647x6lii7zr4