Electrical Discharge Machining with SiC Powder-Mixed Dielectric: An Effective Application in the Machining Process of Hardened 90CrSi Steel
As a successful solution applied to electrical discharge machining (EDM), powder-mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM) has been proposed as an upgrade of the EDM process. The optimization of the process parameters of PMEDM is essential and pressing. In this study, Taguchi methods and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to find the main parameters affecting surface roughness in the EDM process with SiC powder-mixed-dielectric of hardened 90CrSi steel. The PMEDM parameters selected were
... eters selected were the powder concentration, the pulse-on-time, the pulse-off-time, the pulse current, and the server voltage. It was found that SiC powder exhibits positive effects on reducing surface roughness. The roughness obtained with the optimum powder concentration of 4 g/L was reduced by 30.02% compared to that when processed by conventional EDM. Furthermore, the pulse-off-time was found to be the most influential factor that gave an important effect on surface roughness followed by the powder concentration. The EDM condition including a powder concentration of 4 g/L, a pulse-on-time of 6 µs, a pulse-off-time of 21 µs, a pulse current of 8 A, and a server voltage of 4 V resulted in the best surface roughness.