The time course of color constancy by achromatic adjustment in immersive illumination: What looks white under coloured lights? [article]

Gaurav Gupta, Naomi Gross, Ruben Pastilha, Anya Hurlbert
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractChromatic adaptation is a major contributory mechanism to constancy, yet its extent depends on many factors - spectral, spatial and temporal - which vary between studies and hence may contribute to differences in reported constancy indices. Here, we use the achromatic adjustment method to characterise colour constancy under a wide range of illuminations in a real immersive environment. We control both the spectral properties of the illumination at the eye and the spatial context of the
more » ... ial context of the adjusted surface, to disentangle global adaptation from local contrast effects. We measure the timecourse of chromatic adaptation by assessing achromatic adjustments in 6 discrete time slots over 340 seconds. We find that the change over time of the colour constancy index (quantified by the relative closeness of the perceptual whitepoint to the test illumination chromaticity): (a) can be modelled by a proportional rate growth function, typically requiring more than 5 minutes to stabilise; (b) depends on the contrast between the test surface and its background, specifically increasing with decreasing test-background contrast; and (c) is generally similar in both extent and rate for different test illumination chromaticities. Adaptation progression does not differ significantly between illuminations on or off the daylight locus. Our results highlight the importance of considering exposure duration and stimulus configuration, as well as the distance between the pre-adaptation (reference) and test illumination chromaticities, when using achromatic adjustment as a measure of colour constancy.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.10.984567 fatcat:dzda6ab7mvcfpnoamtngt4znjy