In-Work Benefits for Married Couples: An Ex-Ante Evaluation of EITC and WTC Policies in Italy

Giuseppe De Luca, Claudio Rossetti, Daniela Vuri
2012 Social Science Research Network  
This paper investigates labor supply and redistributive effects of in-work benefits for Italian married couples using a tax-benefit microsimulation model and a multi-sectoral discrete choice model of labor supply. We consider in-work benefits based on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the Working Tax Credit (WTC) existing in the US and the UK, respectively. The standard design of these income support mechanisms is however augmented with a premium for two-earner households to avoid
more » ... l disincentive effects on secondary earners. Revenue neutral policy simulations show that our reforms may greatly improve the current Italian tax-benefit system in terms of both incentive and redistributive effects. Furthermore, neglecting sector-specific attributes of the various job opportunities may lead to overstated estimates of the policy effects. JEL classification: I38; H31; H53
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2115596 fatcat:fc5lgwebinejzhjfosj5v7xkwq