Role of receptors in metabolic interaction of histamine with human vascular endothelial cells and skin fibroblasts. An ordered sequence of enzyme action
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The interaction of histamine with an H1 receptor on human endothelial cells evokes production of the lipid mediator prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) and is accompanied by tachyphylaxis of this H1 receptor response (Baenziger, N. L., Fogerty, F. J., Mertz, L. F., and Chernuta, L. F. (1981) Cell 24, 915-923). We have explored the affected cells' capability for subsequent metabolic degradation of histamine molecules. Human vascular endothelial cells and skin fibroblasts exhibit a two-stage histamine
... ge histamine degradation sequence whose participants are an enzyme native to the cells themselves and one provided from an extracellular source. Initially, the cells' endogenous histamine N-methyltransferase activity mediates conversion of cell-associated [3H]histamine to tele-methylhistamine with retention of this intermediate metabolite. Subsequently, in the presence of exogenous diamine oxidase derived from fetal calf serum or human placenta, cell-associated tele-methyl-histamine is further converted to the end product methylimidazoleacetic acid. After an initial lag phase lasting 3-6 min, the cell-associated radioactivity accumulates as methylimidazoleacetic acid at a linear rate substantially enhanced over that without diamine oxidase. The entire sequence is blocked by the histamine methyltransferase inhibitor homodimaprit. Accumulation of [3H]histamine metabolites by endothelial cells is saturable both with respect to exogenous diamine oxidase and to histamine. Thus this metabolic pathway is carried out at the level of the individual cell by means of binding sites or receptors for the substrate and for the distal degradative enzyme, diamine oxidase.