ST segment elevation and depression, and T-wave changes as electrophysiological signs of metabolic disorders with lipid and non-lipid risk factors for ischemic heart disease in the 25–44-year-old population

N. A. Kuzminykh, L. V. Shcherbakova, V. S. Shramko, D. V. Denisova, Yu. I. Ragino
2021 Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases  
Aim. To study the associations of electrophysiological signs of metabolic disorders with lipid and non-lipid risk factors in the urban 25–44-year-old population.Methods. A population survey (random sample) of Novosibirsk residents aged 25–44 years (656 men, 783 women) was conducted. The concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were determined. Systolic / diastolic blood pressure, body mass index,
more » ... sence of arterial hypertension, and smoking status were evaluated. The following electrocardiographic markers of metabolic disturbances were analyzed: baseline non-ischemic ST elevation depression >0.5 mm, baseline ST elevation >0.5 mm, and T-wave changes (flattening, amplitude reduction, inversion).Results. ST segment depression was detected in 4.2% of subjects (5.8% women, 2.4% men (p = 0.001)). ST segment elevation was detected in 28.5% of subjects (17.5% women, 41.6% men (p<0.001)). T-wave changes were detected in 18.9% of subjects (14.2% women, 24.5% men (p<0.001)). It was noted that men with elevated LDL-C levels and hypertension were more likely to have ST segment depression (1.4 and 1.9 times, respectively) than men without these abnormalities. In the general population, people with elevated LDL-C levels were 1.2 times more likely to have ST segment depression. Among men with ST segment elevation the concentration of LDL-C in the blood was 1.06 times higher than in men without ST segment elevation. People with a higher body mass index were 1.15 and 1.3 times more likely to have a T-wave change (in the general and female population, respectively). In the general population with T-wave changes, waist circumference and systolic blood pressure level were 1.02 and 1.02 times higher, respectively.Conclusion. ST segment elevation and depression, and T-wave changes are associated with lipid and non-lipid risk factors for ischemic heart disease. The data obtained indicate a potentiating effect of metabolic disorders in the body on the development of risk factors for ischemic heart disease and metabolic cardiomyopathy.
doi:10.17802/10.17802/2306-1278-2021-10-4-29-38 fatcat:gcjo7tq3ujc7zcud56wew6s7ou