Phospholipids in lipoproteins: compositional differences across VLDL, LDL, and HDL in pregnant women
Lipids in Health and Disease
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in the phospholipid composition of very low density (VLDL), low density (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) monolayers in pregnant lean and obese women. Methods: LDL, HDL, and VLDL were isolated from plasma samples of 10 lean and 10 obese pregnant women, and their species composition of phosphatidylcholines (PC) and sphingomyelins (SM) was analysed by liquidchromatography tandem mass-spectrometry. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U test
... ann-Whitney U test and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to investigate if metabolite profiles differed between the lean/obese group and between lipoprotein species. Results: No significant differences have been found in the metabolite levels between obese and non-obese pregnant women. The PCA components 1 and 2 separated between LDL, HDL, and VLDL but not between normal weight and obese women. Twelve SM and one PCae were more abundant in LDL than in VLDL. In contrast, four acyl-alkyl-PC and two diacyl-PC were significantly higher in HDL compared to LDL. VLDL and HDL differed in three SM, seven acyl-alkyl-PC and one diacyl-PC (higher values in HDL) and 13 SM (higher in VLDL). We also found associations of some phospholipid species with HDL and LDL cholesterol. Conclusion: In pregnant women phospholipid composition differs significantly in HDL, LDL and VLDL, similar to previous findings in men and non-pregnant women. Obese and lean pregnant women showed no significant differences in their lipoprotein associated metabolite profile.