Wideband tunable wavelength-selective coupling in asymmetric side-polished fiber coupler with dispersive interlayer

Nan-Kuang Chen, Cheng-Ling Lin, Sien Chi
2007 Optics Express  
We demonstrate tunable highly wavelength-selective filter based on a 2 × 2 asymmetric side-polished fiber coupler with dispersive interlayer in one of the coupling arms. The asymmetric fiber coupler is made of two side-polished fibers using identical single-mode fibers and one of the polished fibers is further chemically etched at the central evanescent coupling region to gain closer to the core. An optical liquid with different dispersion characteristics than that of silica fiber is used to
more » ... l up the etched hollow and therefore the propagation constant for the polished fiber with dispersive liquid becomes more dispersive and crosses with that of another untreated polished fiber. The location of the cross point and the cross angle between two propagation constant curves determine the coupling wavelength and coupling bandwidth as well as channel wavelength separation, respectively. The coupling wavelength can be tuned at least wider than 84 nm (1.326-1.410 μm) under index variation of 0.004 and with coupling ratios of higher than 30 dB.
doi:10.1364/oe.15.017747 pmid:19551071 fatcat:lhluyoz7pveermbzysszjmux7q