Isolation of napin from Brassica nigra seeds and coagulation activity to turbid pond water

Binish Khaliq, Hamsa Sarwar, Ahmed Akrem, Mehvish Azam, Naila Ali
2022 Water Science and Technology : Water Supply  
Approach to fresh water is limited due to the growing world population and supply of clean drinking water is a global challenge. Pond water is widely used for drinking in developing countries and it has higher turbidity during rainy seasons. This purpose requires a large number of chemical coagulants that lead to a high cost of treatment. Therefore it is needed to find an economical and natural coagulant to treat turbid water. Coagulation activity is a ability of a liquid, changing to a solid
more » ... semi-solid state after sometime period of time. This study focuses on the isolation of coagulant proteins from Brassica nigra seeds responsible for water clarification. The coagulant protein (napin) was purified, quantified and identified. Napin protein was precipitated with 70% saturation of ammonium sulfate solution combined with dialysis and size exclusion chromatography. SDS-PAGE showed that isolated napin has molecular weight of 16 kDa. Protein quantification was done by using Nanodrop. The coagulation activity of the napin protein was measured against synthetic clay solution and turbid pond water. The coagulation assay results showed that napin protein from Brassica nigra has 85% and Moringa seeds extract has 87% coagulation activity against the synthetic clay solution after 120 min. However, the coagulation activity of napin protein against the turbid pond water was higher 85% compared to Moringa seeds extract 80%. The active coagulant napin protein would be helpful in establishing cheaper methods in scaling up the coagulant protein from the Brassica nigra seeds acting as potential agent for water treatment.
doi:10.2166/ws.2022.203 fatcat:cec5i6nm2ranjp6kr7ad63fcly