The Justice System in Indonesia with the Application of the Green Constitution in Mining Dispute Resolution
Proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental and Energy Policy (ICEEP 2021)
Natural wealth is one of the important capitals in the development of a nation and state, therefore it must be utilized optimally for the benefit of the nation and state. Indonesia has a variety of natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable natural resources. From Sabang to Merauke, it is full of abundant natural wealth, clear rivers, diverse forest products, abundant marine wealth, fertile soil and full of minerals and precious metals such as gold, silver, copper and the like. With a
... ariety of natural resources owned by our country, it is not surprising that from upstream and downstream, from remote rural areas to urban areas, there are various types of industries, both small, large and even international, which are owned by the private sector, government or foreigners, which are growing rapidly. of course this is very good for the economic development of the country with the many taxes and levies that will be obtained by the state. Mining activities are an integral part of the economic development of any country endowed with mineral resources. This is due to the income it generates, the job opportunities it creates for residents, and the foreign exchange that comes from importing the mining products. The surrounding communities or local communities where these minerals are found will benefit from the investment opportunities, jobs, royalties paid to them. However, on the other hand, the community will also experience negative effects such as suffering from pollution, land degradation, deforestation, and increasing sufferers of a disease, especially respiratory and skin diseases. However, the rapid development of industry and development must still uphold the norms of nature conservation. Do not let the massive industrial development in Indonesia not cause environmental damage, therefore there is a need for an eco friendly arrangement or constitution (green constitution) to preserve nature.