FY3E GNOS II GNSS Reflectometry: Mission Review and First Results

Guanglin Yang, Weihua Bai, Jinsong Wang, Xiuqing Hu, Peng Zhang, Yueqiang Sun, Na Xu, Xiaochun Zhai, Xianjun Xiao, Junming Xia, Feixiong Huang, Cong Yin (+7 others)
2022 Remote Sensing  
FengYun-3E (FY3E), launched on 5 July 2021, is one of China's polar-orbiting meteorological satellite series. The GNOS II onboard FY3E is an operational GNSS remote sensor that for the first time combines GNSS radio occultation (GNSS RO) and GNSS reflectometry (GNSS-R). It has eight reflection channels that can track eight specular points at the same time, receiving reflected signals from multiple GNSS systems, including GPS, BeiDou and Galileo. The basic GNSS-R output generated by GNOS II is a
more » ... 122 × 20 non-uniform delay-Doppler map whose high resolution portion captures more information near the specular point. This paper introduces the GNSS-R aspect of the FengYun-3E GNOS II, including the instrument, power calibration and wind speed retrieval algorithm. Preliminary validation results for its first four months of data are also presented. After preliminary quality control, the overall wind speed error is less than 2 m/s at wind speeds below 20 m/s for data from both GPS satellites and BeiDou satellites when compared to the ECMWF reanalysis winds.
doi:10.3390/rs14040988 fatcat:payg3ffh3rhpjceokozeedbdum