A Reappraisal of the Histopathologic Criteria for the Diagnosis of Cutaneous Allogeneic Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease

Massi Daniela, Franchi Alessandro, Pimpinelli Nicola, Laszlo Daniele, Bosi Alberto, Santucci Marco
1999 American Journal of Clinical Pathology  
A b s t r a c t To détermine the validity ofthe Lerner grading system and review the histopathologic findings of cutaneous acute graft-vs-host disease (aGVHD), 78 skin biopsy spécimens from 49 bone marrow transplant récipients were evaluated. Histopathologic sections were independently reviewed twice by 3 pathologists and classified (Lerner system), without knowledge of the patients ' clinical évolution. Intraobserver agreement in grading aGVHD was substantial to almost perfect. Interobserver
more » ... reement between pairs of ' observe rs was moderate to substantial onfirst review and substantial on second review. Overall, wefound an almost perfect agreement in diagnosing Lerner grade III, whereas areas of disagreement occurred with Lerner grades 0,1, and II. Histopathologically, spécimens of patients who developed aGVHD (aGVHD-positive) showed significantly higher frequency ofepidermal atrophy, spongiosis, diffuse basai vacuolization, more than 3 single necrotic keratinocytes per high-powerfield, satellitosis, inflammatory infiltrate, with a predominantly lichenoid pattern, lymphocytic exocytosis, and dermal melanophages. When considering skin samples classified as grade I and II, wefound statistically significant différences between aGVHD-positive and aGVHD-negative cases onlyfor the présence of inflammatory infiltrate, lymphocytic exocytosis, and satellitosis. Lerner grading is reproducible, although lesser agreement occurred when evaluating grades I and II, and the Lerner grading system should be revised by including the estimate ofthe inflammatory infiltrate as an additional criterionfor grade II.
doi:10.1093/ajcp/112.6.791 fatcat:y55br5yonbd2dfm5wx5ae3uf5i