Analysis of Factors Associated With Length of Stay of Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits

Keshab Subedi
2021 Cureus  
Introduction and Objective: Emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) is an important indicator of the quality of care in ED and is associated with patients' outcomes and healthcare costs. However, there is limited data on how the patient characteristics affect the ED LOS of opioid-related visits. This study aims to identify and quantify the effect of patient-related characteristics on LOS of opioid-related ED visits. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of electronic health records
more » ... HR) of patients with diagnoses of opioid abuse. The study included patients with a diagnosis of opioid abuse who visited the ED at Christiana Care Hospital from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018 (N=5,661). The opioid-related visits were identified using ICD-10 diagnosis codes. We used accelerated failure time (AFT) models, a time-to-event analysis approach to evaluate the relationships of different patient characteristics with ED LOS. Results: The mean age of the study population was 39 years. The study population had 40% female, 20% Black/African American, and 5% Hispanic or Latino. The prevalence of co-use of cocaine and co-use of alcohol was 11%, and 9%, respectively. Also, 58% had mental health comorbidity, and 1% were homeless.
doi:10.7759/cureus.16213 fatcat:wyghzw6mzngn7m4nbjjaw2bbji