Prevalence of Anemia and Socio demographic factors associated with Anemia among Barwar tribe of Gonda district, Uttar Pradesh

Biswajit Mahapatra, Anthropological Survey of India, Head Office, 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Kolkata-700016, West Bengal, India
2020 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Anemia is one of the most widespread nutritional deficiency diseases and it affects all age groups and both sexes in most states of India. The aims and objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence of anemia among the Barwar community and find out any relationship between their sociodemographic factors with prevalence of anemia. Materials and Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in a Denotified tribe (Barwar) of Gonda district, Uttar Pradesh among the age
more » ... group from 20-59 years. Total 315 samples were collected and participants were selected by simple random sampling. All statistical analysis was done using SPSS software version 16.Digital hemoglobinometer was used to assess the Haemoglobin level and the World Health Organization recommended cutoff was used to diagnose and categorize anemia. The χ 2 test and Pearson correlation was used to test the degree of significance. Results: Overall prevalence of anemia was found to be 72. 1% (61.7% in males and 80.5% in females). Chi-square statistics shows significant association (p<0.05) of anemia is with monthly family income, marital status, sanitation facilities, Gender and socioeconomic status. However, education and age trends were not significantly associated with anaemia. There is a significant association was found in gender with all socio demographic variables and anemia, except sanitation. Pearson's Correlation coefficient (r) between hemoglobin and all socioeconomic and demographic factors were statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: High prevalence of anemia among studied people indicates anemia to be a major public health problem in the Barwar community.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v8i7.64 fatcat:lrv5ikedo5ekfanyo2lxck2zrq