Laboratory and in-situ non-destructive methods to evaluate the thermal transmittance and behavior of walls, windows, and construction elements with innovative materials: A review

Nelson Soares, Cláudio Martins, Margarida Gonçalves, Paulo Santos, Luís Simões da Silva, José J. Costa
2019 Energy and Buildings  
The experimental characterization of the overall thermal transmittance of homogeneous, moderately-and non-homogeneous walls, windows, and construction elements with innovative materials is very important to predict their thermal performance. It is also important to evaluate if the standard calculation methods to estimate the U-value of new and existing walls can be applied to more complex configurations, since the correct estimation of this value is a critical requirement when performing
more » ... g energy simulations or energy audit. This paper provides a survey on the main methods to measure the thermal transmittance and thermal behaviour of construction elements, considering laboratory conditions and in-situ non-destructive measurements. Five methods are described: the heat flow meter (HFM); the guarded hot plate (GHP); the hot box (HB), considering the guarded HB (GHB) and the calibrated HB (CHB); and the infrared thermography (IRT). Then, previous studies dedicated to the assessment of the thermal performance of different heavy-and light-weight walls are discussed. Particular attention is devoted to the measurement of the U-value of nonhomogeneous walls, including the effect of thermal bridging caused by steel framing or mortar joints, and the presence of PCMs or new insulation materials in the configuration of the walls. hot box; calibrated hot box; infrared thermography. Highlights: -Review on the main methods to measure the U-value of non-homogeneous walls. -Methods: heat flow meter, guarded hot plate, guarded and calibrated hot box, infrared thermography. -Standards framework and discussion of the main advantages and drawbacks of each method. -Description of methodologies and working principles of laboratory and in-situ measurements. -Measurement of the thermal transmittance of different heavy-and light-weight walls.
doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.10.021 fatcat:wyefobowpfd3nplsexqt53cera