Nonclassical Particle Transport in One-Dimensional Random Periodic Media

Richard Vasques, Kai Krycki, Rachel N. Slaybaugh
2017 Nuclear science and engineering  
We investigate the accuracy of the recently proposed nonclassical transport equation. This equation contains an extra independent variable compared to the classical transport equation (the path-length $s$), and models particle transport taking place in homogenized random media in which a particle's distance-to-collision is not exponentially distributed. To solve the nonclassical equation one needs to know the $s$-dependent ensemble-averaged total cross section, $\Sigma_t(\mu,s)$, or its
more » ... s)$, or its corresponding path-length distribution function, $p(\mu,s)$. We consider a 1-D spatially periodic system consisting of alternating solid and void layers, randomly placed in the $x$-axis. We obtain an analytical expression for $p(\mu,s)$ and use this result to compute the corresponding $\Sigma_t(\mu,s)$. Then, we proceed to numerically solve the nonclassical equation for different test problems in rod geometry; that is, particles can move only in the directions $\mu=\pm 1$. To assess the accuracy of these solutions, we produce "benchmark" results obtained by (i) generating a large number of physical realizations of the system, (ii) numerically solving the transport equation in each realization, and (iii) ensemble-averaging the solutions over all physical realizations. We show that the numerical results validate the nonclassical model; the solutions obtained with the nonclassical equation accurately estimate the ensemble-averaged scalar flux in this 1-D random periodic system, greatly outperforming the widely-used atomic mix model in most problems.
doi:10.13182/nse16-35 fatcat:7nf6abpsz5dgjfg2cd73peezq4