Effect of TACE combined with radiotherapy on the expression of serum tumor markers and malignant molecules in patients with primary large liver cancer

Gang-Yi Dai, Bo Zhang, Lang He
2019 Journal of Hainan Medical University  
Objective: To investigate the effect of TACE combined with radiotherapy on the expression of serum tumor markers and malignant molecules in patients with primary large liver cancer. Methods: A total of 90 patients with primary large liver cancer who were treated in our hospital between September 2016 and September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into the control group (n=51) who received radiotherapy and the TACE group (n=39) who received TACE combined with radiotherapy. The
more » ... iotherapy. The expression levels of serum tumor markers, angiogenesis indexes and apoptosis molecules were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Results: Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in the expression levels of serum tumor markers, angiogenesis indexes or apoptotic molecules between the two groups. After treatment, the serum levels of tumor markers AFP, AFu, CGT, CEA and CA19-9 in the TACE group were lower than those in the control group; the serum levels of angiogenesis indexes HGF, VEGF, MMP-9 and EGFR were lower than those in the control group; the serum levels of apoptosis molecules Bax, Caspase-4 and Caspase-10 were higher than those in the control group, while the levels of Bcl-2 and Survivin were lower than those in the control group. Conclusion: TACE on the basis of radiotherapy can further reduce the tumor malignancy in primary large liver cancer patients.
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