Early Elicitor-Induced Events in Chickpea Cells: Functional Links between Oxidative Burst, Sequential Occurrence of Extracellular Alkalinisation and Acidification, K+/H+ Exchange and Defence-Related Gene Activation

Oliver Otte, Andreas Pachten, Frauke Hein, Wolfgang Barz
2001 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences  
Elicitation of cultured chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cells stimulates a signal transduction pathway leading to several rapid responses: (1) oxidative burst, (2) extracellular alkalinisation, (3) extracellular acidification, (4) transient K+ efflux, and (5) activation of defence related genes all within 2 hours. Induced genes are encoding acidic and basic chitinases, a thaumatin-like protein and isoflavone reductase. All these elicitor-induced responses are in­ hibited by the Ser/Thr protein
more » ... ase inhibitor staurosporine and the anion channel blocker anthracene-9-carboxylic acid but stimulated by the Ser/Thr protein phosphatase 2A inhibitor cantharidin. The oxidative burst leads to a transient extracellular H2O2 accumulation which seems to be preceded by O2- production, indicating dismutation of O2-to H2O2. The oxidative burst is accompanied by transient alkalinisation of the culture medium which is followed by long-lasting extracellular acidification. An 80 percent inhibition of the alkalinisation after complete inhibition of the H2O2 burst with diphenylene iodonium indicates that the elicitor induced increase of extracellular pH is mainly based on a proton consumption for O2-dismutation. A simultaneous deactivation of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase during oxidative burst and extracellular alkalinisation is also suggested. The elicitor-stimulated extracellular acidification is inhibited by the plasma membrane H+-ATPase inhibitor N, N'-dicyclohex-ylcarbodiimide assuming a reactivation of the H+-ATPase 25 min after elicitation. Extracellular acidification seems not to be necessary for elicitor-induced activation of defence related genes. Opposite modulation of K+ and proton fluxes after elicitation and/or treatment with the H+-ATPase effectors fusicoccin or N, N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide indicate that the elicitor induced transient K+ efflux is regulated by a K+/H+ exchange reaction.
doi:10.1515/znc-2001-1-212 fatcat:gcpfl4ui4jddbet6jgkc4vz2wi