Modified Nearest Level Modulation for Full-Bridge Based HVDC MMC in Real-Time Hardware-in-Loop Setup

J. B Soomro, F. Akhtar, S. Ali, S. S. H. Bukhari, I. Sami, J. -S. Ro
2021 IEEE Access  
Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) is an emerging converter topology for medium and high voltage applications. Nearest level Modulation (NLM) is the conventional control topology used to control the MMC that produces the N+1 AC output waveform. In previous research work, the Modified NLM has been already proposed, producing a 2N+1 and 4N+1 output waveform while utilizing a half-bridge (HB) submodule (SM) topology. However, half-bridge-based MMC has a similar behavior as two-level Voltage Source
more » ... Converter (VSC) and cannot block DC fault current in case of DC-side short circuit fault. So, in recent years, full-bridge-based MMC topology is preferably used by manufacturers as it has DC fault blocking capabilities. This paper presents the Modified NLM for Full bridge (FB) SM topology to take the critical benefits of FB SM topology and improve power quality. The proposed method is simpler to implement and produces a 4N+1 AC output waveform. The THD of the output voltage and current reduces to half compared to the conventional NLM method. The proposed method is verified using LabVIEW Multisim co-simulation and as well as real-time simulation. INDEX TERMS Modified NLC, full bridge, HVDC MMC, hardware-in-loop simulation.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3105690 fatcat:vs2kmevn3bac7gl7p23hcseeza