The Antitrust and Intellectual Property Intersection in European Union Law [chapter]

Nicolas Petit, D. Daniel Sokol, Roger D. Blair
The Cambridge Handbook of Antitrust, Intellectual Property, and High Tech  
concepts and do not clearly articulate the elements of this supposed theory. Its judgments distillate an "it-is-so-because-we-says-so" approach, in the words of Antonin Scalia. See Webster v. Reproductive Health Servs., 492 U.S. 490, 552 (1989). A related doctrine is the limited license theory, whereby the fact that an IPR owner has granted a license on restrictive terms cannot give rise to antitrust liability, for the simple reason that the IPR owner could have instead decided not to provide a license.
doi:10.1017/9781316671313.007 fatcat:gxowtnjbcrae5i5vtcqe4bkuri