Separation of Sulfuric Acid and Monosaccharides with a Strong-Base Anion Exchange Resin Containing Polystyrenesulfonate as Polymeric Counter Ion to Reduce Tailing of Sulfuric Acid

Hirotaka MATSUURA, Zhaoyong SUN, Masashi YANASE, Toshihiro IHARA, Kenji KIDA, Akinori JYO
2014 Journal of Ion Exchange  
This paper describes the separation of sulfuric acid and monosaccharides with an amphoteric ion exchange resin to reduce the tailing of sulfuric acid. The amphoteric ion exchange resin of snake cage type was prepared by polymerizing p-styrenesulfonate ions contained in a strong-base anion exchange resin (Dowex 1X4) as counter ion. First, chloride form Dowex 1X4 (100-200 mesh) was changed into pstyrenesulfonate ion form. Then, p-styrenesulfonate ions in the resin were polymerized for 3 h at
more » ... zed for 3 h at 72.5± 2.5°C and for more 3 h at 82.5±2.5°C using a water soluble radical initiator. The resulting resin named Dowex 1X4-SS was treated with 1 M (M = mol dm 3 ) NaCl and finally washed with water in a columnmode. FT-IR spectra and elemental analyses of Dowex 1X4-SS suggested its amphoteric structure of snake cage type. The separation of glucose and sulfuric acid was tested by using a column (i.d. 1.5 cm, resin bed length 29-30 cm) at 50°C. The tailing of sulfuric acid was markedly reduced in case of Dowex 1X4-SS, compared to that of the parent resin Dowex 1X4. In addition, the newly developed Dowex 1X4-SS successfully applied to the continuous separation of monosaccharides and sulfuric acid in concentrated sulfuric acid hydrolyzates of bamboo by means of a simulated moving bed chromatography. repeatedly used via the separation of sulfuric acid from sugars by SMBC and the followed concentration of sulfuric acid by distillation under reduced pressure. Sun et al. used a SMBC with six columns packed with a strong-base anion exchange resin Diaion MA03SS. However, the marked tailing of sulfuric acid was observed, although sulfuric acid was beautifully separated from sugars 1) . The marked tailing of sulfuric acid lowered the concentration of the eluted sulfuric acid and results in increase of energy cost in the concentrating operation of the eluted sulfuric acid. In case of the separation of sulfuric acid and sugars with a strong-acid cation exchange resin, on the
doi:10.5182/jaie.25.81 fatcat:g36vky62rrhv7m4njijto3ofkm