A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2022; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
the king], and filled the land full of castles." For a century after the Norman Conquest, castles had a bad reputation as centers of robbery, extortion, torture, and treason. This pejorated view continues in King Horn where, as Garner notes, castel appears "in conjunction with motives of treachery and greed" (p. 231). By contrast, castel is rather more neutral in Brut and Havelok, and positive, perhaps even assimilated to hall, in Sir Orfeo and Gawain and the Green Knight. (Orfeo's "hey haulesdoi:10.5406/jenglgermphil.112.4.0515 fatcat:fqf4e5pv2nheni4tuldsq5fqae