European funding and development of nanotechnologies and nanosciences

Lionel Villard, François Perruchas, Thomas Scherngell, Michael Barber, Philippe Larédo, Jordi Molas-Gallart
2020 Zenodo  
There are multiple on-going debates about knowledge distribution or concentration worldwide. Recent work done by Grossetti et al. 2015 shows a 'deconcentration' of knowledge production, visible not only at country level (linked to the periodic rise of new countries in the overall scientific production landscape, a long-lasting phenomenon) but also at metropolitan level. For Europe, this raises one central question: does this result that applies to the whole of scientific production also applies
more » ... to frontier science? We have addressed this question for science and technology productions in the nano field. The attempts to characterise the dynamics of nano S&T are not new (Noyons et al., 2003). We have developed a fully lexical approach (Kahane and Mogoutov, 2007) which remained however static (considering only the whole period covered). We have updated it since in order to account for the explorations made proposing a 'dynamic' approach (Kahane et al., 2014). The exploration of the first dataset (1998-2006) enabled a characterisation of dynamics highlighting very strong agglomeration effects since 200 'clusters' (very near in their bottom-up definition to the US definition of metropolitan areas and to the OECD recent developments on "functional urban areas", OECD 2012) concentrate over 80% of world knowledge production (Delemarle et al., 2009). They provide a very different image than when keeping only track of national developments, thus corroborating the 'deconcentration' approach. These clusters gather over 80% of publications. As 70% of these publications come from more than one organisation, we hypothesised that a majority, for a science at the frontier, might be internal to clusters, and this was the case but to a far lower extent than expected, having 40% of total publications being inter-cluster. Characterising collaboration practices (Larédo and Villard 2015) drove to two major results. First the share of intercontinental collaborations remained marginal (around 8% of total collaborations). This drove u [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3946614 fatcat:7mn7wfl7gbebjdscvh2jmwh4vq