TOXICOLOGICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL ESTIMATION LEVEL OF POLLUTION ECOSYSTEMS IN THE INDUSTRIAL REGION OF UKRAINE – KRIVOY ROG CITY
Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
The aim: Scientific substantiation necessary of PMWW application for the ecologically safe formation of the secondary ecosystems in the mining and iron ore processing areas. Materials and methods: Sanitary-chemical investigation of water samples (n=132); biological objects – plants and aquatic biota was conducted on the content of Pb, Cd, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, Ni, Fe (n=112); wild plants samples (n=135); sanitary-microbiological and parasitological indicators 1 – 3 years old waste water sludge (WWS)
... water sludge (WWS) (n = 68). Results: Overnormal concentrations of salt had been found in water samples, taken from the river Inhulets (2.1 MPL), sulfates and carbonates (2.7 MPL), iron (2.1 MPL), chloride (1.7 MPL), magnesium (3.1 MPL). In wells from nearest villages water is not suitable for drinking purposes and contains total sum of salts – 4.97 MPL, sulfates and carbonates – 5.16 MPL, cadmium – 3.7 MPL, lead – 1.53 MPL. Thus, the toxic heavy metals concentrations (Pb, Cd, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, Ni, Fe) in the fish and amphibians did not exceed the permissible levels. Conclusions: Total pollution of the soil within six months after application of sludge correspond to the "permissible" level (Zc=1.61). Use of clearing facilities sludge aged from 1.5 years old and of longer in the amount 15 kg/m2 did not lead to increased concentration of heavy metals in the top layer of dumps.