Scholarly communication and bibliometrics

Christine L. Borgman, Jonathan Furner
2005 Annual Review of Information Science and Technology  
Why devote an ARIST chapter to scholarly communication and bibliometrics, and why now? Bibliometrics already is a frequently covered ARIST topic, with chapters such as that by White and McCain (1989) on bibliometrics generally, White and McCain (1997) on visualization of literatures, Wilson and Hood (in press) on informetric laws, and Tabah (in press) on literature dynamics. Similarly, scholarly communication has been addressed in other ARIST chapters such as Bishop and Star (1996) on social
more » ... ormatics and digital libraries, Schamber (1994) on relevance and information behavior, and many earlier chapters on information needs and uses. More than a decade ago, the first author addressed the intersection of scholarly communication and bibliometrics with a journal special issue and an edited book (Borgman, 1990; Borgman & Paisley, 1989) , and she recently examined interim developments (Borgman, 2000a, c) . This review covers the decade (1990)(1991)(1992)(1993)(1994)(1995)(1996)(1997) (1998) (1999)(2000) since the comprehensive 1990 volume, citing earlier works only when necessary to explain the foundation for recent developments. Given the amount of attention these topics have received, what's new and exciting enough to warrant a full chapter in 2001? What is new is that electronic scholarly communication is reaching critical mass, and we are witnessing qualitative and quantitative changes in the ways that scholars communicate with each other for informal conversations, for collaborating locally and over distances, for publishing and disseminating their work, and for constructing links between their work and that of others. Most readers of this chapter will be scholars and students who conduct research, write papers, submit their work to journals, conferences, and book publishers, search for new information resources, and read the work of other scholars. We expect that most readers conduct substantial portions of their scholarly activities online. Many will have their own web sites where they post their work, and many will circulate their work to colleagues in electronic form, whether through direct distribution or through online pre-print servers. The cycle of scholarly activities is blending into a continuous, looping flow, as people discuss, write, share, and seek information through networked information systems.
doi:10.1002/aris.1440360102 fatcat:i6bd7acwtfhkbmlvvw2c4rfmzq