UNDIAGNOSED OTITIS MEDIA WITH EFFUSION IN CHILDREN: INCIDENCE & EFFECT
International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies
Background-Otitis media with effusion leads to hearing loss which may significantly compromise the cognitive, linguistic and emotional development of children. It usually goes undiagnosed because the children do not have any complaints and the next of kin do not notice any symptoms such as hearing loss. Methods-411 children of the age group 5-8 years from various camps conducted in sub-urban areas of Ajmer, Rajasthan were subjected to complete ear, nose throat examination in the period of June
... 018 to December 2018.27 children were excluded on the basis of exclusion criteria and 384 children were then considered for the study. Hearing assessment was done by tuning fork test & those who had a hearing loss were than subjected to pure tone audiogram and tympanometry at our center. An interview was done with the parents of these children to acquire information about the academic and social behavior of these children with the help of a questionnaire. Results- 89 (21.30%) children were suffering from otitis media with effusion and 26 (6.77%) children had Eustachian tube blockage which is a precursor to otitis media with effusion. Almost all of these children were poor in social and academic performance. Conclusion- The high incidence of undiagnosed otitis media with effusion warrants an awareness program for parents and teachers and also if possible a regular screening program for children. Key words: otitis media with effusion, serous otitis media, conductive hearing loss.