The role of the anti-regular graph in the spectral analysis of threshold graphs

Cesar O. Aguilar, Matthew Ficarra, Natalie Schurman, Brittany Sullivan
2020 Linear Algebra and its Applications  
The purpose of this paper is to highlight the role played by the anti-regular graph within the class of threshold graphs. Using the fact that every threshold graph contains a maximal anti-regular graph, we show that some known results, and new ones, on the spectral properties of threshold graphs can be deduced from (i) the known results on the eigenvalues of anti-regular graphs, (ii) the subgraph structure of threshold graphs, and (iii) eigenvalue interlacing. In particular, we prove a
more » ... ned version of the recently proved fact that no threshold graph contains an eigenvalue in the interval Ω = [-1-√(2)/2,-1+√(2)/2], except possibly the trivial eigenvalues -1 and/or 0, determine the inertia of a threshold graph, and give partial results on a conjecture regarding the optimality of the non-trivial eigenvalues of an anti-regular graph within the class of threshold graphs.
doi:10.1016/j.laa.2019.12.005 fatcat:ju7dwgks65bc7ozoopazkvte3m