An investigation into the wheat straw paper

Wei Ren Au, Hen Li Chin, Christopher Uy, Brent Au
2012
The University of British Columbia (UBC) hosts a Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) program that is dedicated to sustainable research and alternatives, including the idea of a new source of paper to be sold on campus. The papers sold at UBC are typically created from wood fibres and 30% consumer recycled content from pulp mixtures. The purpose of this report is to analyze the benefits of wheat straw paper products, primarily in terms of environmental impact, and to
more » ... t, and to investigate the feasibility of wheat paper as a replacement to wood paper. Specifically, this report will evaluate the viability of "wheat sheet" from Royal Printers as a product to be sold at UBC. The report covers the ecological footprint which highlights the efficiency of the production and consumption of wheat paper. In addition, the performance of wheat straw paper will be compared to both 100% wood and recycled mixture content papers throughout the report. In order to meet the demand for wood pulp paper, many trees from forests have to be cut down every year. The paper industry has a large carbon footprint due to the fact that trees are required to maintain carbon levels. In addition, the process of producing a certain amount of paper from a single tree is fairly inefficient considering that only 25% of the tree is used while the rest is discarded. Wheat paper however, utilizes only residue waste wheat straw as a fibre source for creating pulp mixtures. Although the wheat sheet uses eucalyptus fiber to reinforce the pulp mixture, adjusting to this paper would significantly reduce the ecological impact of the paper industry. Additionally, conventional chlorine-based processing methods of wood pulps are well known for causing pollutions and adverse effects on the environment. A better alternative of practicing wheat straw pulping can prevent pollutions from processing paper. The only drawback of wheat straw pulping is the black liquor residue. Regarding the black liquor, a by-product of wheat straw pulping, Vibratory Shear Enhan [...]
doi:10.14288/1.0108551 fatcat:taqlfz33ffdpvccldwazn4illa